CPC Church History
The rough hewn stone used in the construction of our church buildings are embedded with fossils and speaks of the process of God's creation over a period of millions of years. The cedar decking is the same species as that used in building of Solomon's temple Thus, the design and materials of the Sanctuary signify God the Creator.
Inside, we move to the central symbol of the New Testament. The empty cross, suspended in the center of the Nave, signifying the risen Lord, reminds us of Christ's sacrifice on our behalf and God's victory over death. Above the cross is the Crown, indicating Christ as King of our lives. The windows are transparent, affording a view of the domestic and commercial world. The interior design makes possible a variety of seating arrangements, incorporating a sense of the gathered community, encouraging full participation in worship. The walls have 72 life size sculptured busts, "A Cloud of Witnesses" , as we refer to them, systematically placed in each of the six transepts. The 72 statuaries were sculptured by Russell Robinson , a well known and respected artist of Indian Rocks Beach, Florida. The statuary consist of 72 witnesses to our Christian faith including busts of Abraham, Moses, John the Baptist, Mark, Luke, Luther, Calvin,, Pope John XXIII and Martin Luther King, among the other 62.
2 of the 72 busts found on the walls of our sanctuary
Indian Rocks Shores, Florida Artist - Russell Robinson, Sculptor of the "Cloud of Witnesses"
Presbyterian Church History
The earliest Christian church consisted of Jews in the first century who had known Jesus and heard his teachings. It gradually grew and spread from the Middle East to other parts of the world, though not without controversy and hardship among its supporters.
During the 4th century, after more than 300 years of persecution under various Roman emperors, the church became established as a political as well as a spiritual power under the Emperor Constantine. Theological and political disagreements, however, served to widen the rift between members of the eastern (Greek-speaking) and western (Latin-speaking) branches of the church. Eventually the western portions of Europe, came under the religious and political authority of the Roman Catholic Church. Eastern Europe and parts of Asia came under the authority of the Eastern Orthodox Church.
In western Europe, the authority of the Roman Catholic Church remained largely unquestioned until the Renaissance in the 15th century. The invention of the printing press in Germany around 1440 made it possible for common people to have access to printed materials including the Bible. This, in turn, enabled many to discover religious thinkers who had begun to question the authority of the Roman Catholic Church. One such figure, Martin Luther*, a German priest and professor, started the movement known as the Protestant Reformation when he posted a list of 95 grievances against the Roman Catholic Church on a church door in Wittenberg, Germany in 1517. Some 20 years later, a French/Swiss theologian , John Calvin*, further refined the reformers' new way of thinking about the nature of God and God's relationship with humanity in what came to be known as Reformed theology. John Knox*, a Scotsman who studied with Calvin in Geneva, Switzerland, took Calvin's teachings back to Scotland. Other Reformed communities developed in England, Holland and France. The Presbyterian church traces its ancestry back primarily to Scotland and England a statuary of these individuals and 69 others are found on the sanctuary transept walls.
The complete list of 72 sculptures is listed in the Book "Cloud Of Witnesses" issued during the 50th celebration
Presbyterians have featured prominently in United States history. The Rev. Francis Makemie, who arrived in the U.S. from Ireland in 1683, helped to organize the first American Presbytery at Philadelphia in 1706. In 1726, the Rev. William Tennent founded ministerial 'log college' in Pennsylvania. Twenty years later, the College of New Jersey (now known as Princeton University) was established. Other Presbyterian ministers, such as the Rev. Jonathan Edwards * and the Rev. Gilbert Tennent, were driving forces in the so-called "Great Awakening," a revivalist movement in the early 18th century. One of the signers of the Declaration of Independence, the Rev. John Witherspoon* was a Presbyterian minister and the president of Princeton University from 1768-1793.
Rev. John Witherspoon*
The Presbyterian church in the United States has split and parts have reunited several times. Currently the largest group is the Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.), which has its national offices in Louisville, Ky. It was formed in 1983 as a result of reunion between the Presbyterian Church in the U.S. (PCUS), the so-called "southern branch," and the United Presbyterian Church in the U.S.A. (UPCUSA), the so-called "northern branch." Other Presbyterian churches in the United States include: the Presbyterian Church in America, the Cumberland Presbyterian Church and the Associate Reformed Presbyterian Church.